Hamburg Germany History
Travellers are currently obsessed with Hamburg, and there is every reason to be excited, as the most livable city in Germany has a lot to offer. This international and vibrant city is still alive in the past, full of names, some of which reflect the official name, but there are many travellers who have owned it, and with good reason.
From 1866 to 1871, Hamburg became a free city and member of the German Federation of Free Cities, the first international association of free cities. The alliance continued after the foundation of the First German Reich by Kaiser Wilhelm, but only Hamburg, Lübeck and Bremen remained members when it was dissolved. Hamburg retained its status as a self-governing city during the Weimar Republic (1919-1933), and the legacy of this alliance is still reflected in the name of the city and its status as the capital of Germany. From 1864 to 1918, it became Germany's second largest city after Berlin, with 1.3 million inhabitants.
Since 1937, the city has cooperated with the German Association of Free Cities, an international association of free cities. The Institute for the History of German Jews, founded in 1966, is one of the oldest and most important institutions of its kind in Germany and has long been an important source of information on the history of German Jews and their history in Hamburg.
Hamburg became known as Germany's gateway to the world and was connected to Europe by the Oder, Spree and EIbe rivers. In 1668 Hamburg joined the German Customs Union, which proved to be a decisive event for the historical development of Hamburg. In 1668 the E-Ibe opened and the Od and Hamburg was connected with the city of Hamburg and the rest of Germany by the Odea and in 1866 with other cities of the North German Confederation. Hamburg joined the North German Confederation in 1867, became a part of the "German Empire" in 1870 and remained a Zollverein. In 1766 it joined the North German Confederation and became the constituent state of the German Reich in 1871.
The present state of Hamburg was created by the union of the districts of Hamburg with parts of Schleswig-Holstein and a part of Hanover. Hamburg is still officially called Hamburg, but today it is a state in the German Reich.
From 1934 to 1945, Hamburg was bound to the federal states of Schleswig-Holstein, Hanover, Schleicher, Hesse, Saxony-Anhalt, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern and the state of Hamburg-Potsdam.
In 1937, the Port of Hamburg was incorporated into the neighbouring cities of Wandsbek, Altona and Harburg, which belonged to Prussia. In 1615, the regular postal service was introduced in Hamburg and incorporated into the postal system of the Wendexis. Soon after, in 1871, Hamburg became part of the German Reich, but was able to retain its status as a self-governing country. The official name "Free City of Hamburg" became "Free Hamburgen," a title that the city itself retains to this day.
The Great Hamburg Decree of 1937 incorporated several surrounding Prussian cities into the city, and Hamburg was able to assert itself as a city with 1.7 million inhabitants. These changes reflected Hamburg's transformation from a self-governing city to an independent country in the new German Reich, which was founded in 1871. In the next few centuries, Hamburg would become one of the leading economic powers in Europe.
In fact, Hamburg and Bremen were the only two German cities - states that have maintained their medieval independence. Hamburg became the largest trading district worldwide, and the Port of Hamburg is now the third largest in Europe. The city described itself as a "gateway to the world" and became an important trading center for the majority of East Europeans and Germans who had left the United States. It has also become one of the most important trading hubs in the Middle East and North Africa, as well as the second largest city in Europe.
Operation Gomorrah and the devastation of its city meant that there was a stab back - into the myth - that was when, in 1918, it was believed that Germany had not lost the war fairly and had been betrayed by its home front. German history and offered the Germans the opportunity to confront the horrors inflicted on Europe by the Nazi regime.
The first citizens elected by the people of Hamburg in free and fair elections was to make Hamburg the first democratically founded university in the world. The Committee on the History of Jews in Hamburg was founded, and Hamburg is home to one of the oldest and oldest histories of anti-Semitism in Germany.
The Free Hanseatic City of Hamburg became part of the Federal Republic of Germany, which today consists of 16 states. There was a time when Hamburg was under Danish rule, while as a free imperial city it was part of the Holy Roman Empire. In 1871, after the unification of Germania, it became a fully sovereign city - a state - and capital of a fully fledged state under its own responsibility.